Africa comprises of 54 countries and it covers over 30.2 million square kilometres. Whatever your choice may be, that is seeking out the sunrise over the Serengeti, swimming with loggerheads in Cape Verde or exploring Giza’s ancient pyramids, Africa is a continent not to be faulted on its diversity and depth.
Camel treks in the Sahara, rain forest trips in Madagascar, safari drives in Kenya, mountain adventures in Kilimanjaro or big city living in Cape Town make each visit in Africa distinct.
Add to this breath-taking scenes is the mighty nice, world class red sea diving, picture postcard Mauritian island escapes.
While travel in Africa isn’t always easy, And in certain places you will need to keep your wits about you, some might argue however, the biggest fear is that Africa will get a hold of you and change your life for the better.
Below are some interesting facts about Africa:
Interesting facts about Africa
- Currently, the population of Africa is about a billion people. Over the past forty years there has been a veritable population explosion, and so the average age of the population on the continent is relatively low. In many African states half of the population has not yet reached the age of 25.
- There are 54 independent states, Including the disputed territory of Western Sahara and the surrounding island nations in Africa.
- Africa is the second Largest continent and its area is about 22% of the World territory.
- Africa is the most centrally with respect to the world coordinate system. It crosses the meridian and (0 degrees longitude] and the equator (0 degrees latitude).
- Although Africa has about 16% of the world’s population, a quarter of the languages spoken in the world, speak only in Africa.
- Arabic, represented by various dialects, the most widely spoken language in Africa. 170 million people speaking the same language, live mainly in North Africa. In addition to Arabic, the continent’s speaks another 2,000 languages.
- Nigeria is the most populous Country in Africa with a population of up to 145 million people. The second most populous country is Egypt, home to more than 76 million people.
- The most populous city in Africa is Cairo – the capital of Egypt. On the territory of this metropolis is home to about 17 million people.
The largest country in Africa – is Sudan. Its total area is 2, 5 million km 2. The smallest country in Africa is the Seychelles, whose total area is 453 km
- Experts demographers have determined that in Africa there are at least 3,000 major ethnic groups. In Nigeria alone there are more than 370 tribes.
- Africa flows through the world’s longest river, the length of which is 6650 kilometers.
- African Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake in the world, stretched out on the territory of 69,490 square kilometers.
- Sahara desert in Africa and is the most extensive desert in the world, which is a larger area than the entire continental United States.
- Egypt is the most attractive tourist country in Africa mainly because of their pyramids. But few people know that the Sudan has 223 own pyramids, which is two times higher than in Egypt. They are smaller and the position than their Egyptian “rivals”, and therefore not so popular.
- Four of the five most fleet- footed species of animals live in Africa: Cheetah, wildebeest, lion and antelope Thompson. All of them can run at speeds of over 80 km / h and the cheetah can reach speeds up to 112 km /h.
- Africa is also home to the largest “land” of the animal. African elephant can weigh from 6 to 7 tons.
Before the rise of Egyptian civilization, Africa was predominantly inhabited by tribes of hunter-gatherers are not prone to the development of statehood. Scientists believe that the first experience of the domestication of animals owned by the people who lived in Africa in 6000 BC, Long before there were domesticated plants.
- The most ancient civilization originated in Africa was the state of the Pharaohs in ancient Egypt. It started in about 3300 BC and ended in 343 BC.
- Europeans first arrived on the north coast of Africa, about 332 BC, when Alexander the Great came to Egypt and founded the city of Alexandria. Soon after, the Roman Empire began to include the northern coast of Africa in its composition.
- There are several hypotheses about the origin of the word Africa, but most etymologists are inclined to believe that the first part of the word “Africa” – is the name of the tribe, who lived in North Africa near Carthage in the 3rd century BC. A “Single” is the Latin suffix “country”, “earth.”
- By the first century AD, Africa is divided into three parts: Egypt, Libya and Ethiopia. The name Ethiopia was true of the rest of the continent, which is located south of the Sahara desert.